The Role of Continental Topography in the Present-Day Ocean’s Mean Climate
AuthorStouffer, R. J.
Russell, J. L.
Beadling, R. L.
Broccoli, A. J.
Krasting, J. P.
AffiliationDepartment of Geosciences, The University of Arizona
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAmerican Meteorological Society
CitationStouffer, R. J., Russell, J. L., Beadling, R. L., Broccoli, A. J., Krasting, J. P., Malyshev, S., & Naiman, Z. (2022). The Role of Continental Topography in the Present-Day Ocean’s Mean Climate. Journal of Climate.
JournalJournal of Climate
RightsCopyright © 2022 American Meteorological Society.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractClimate models of varying complexity have been used for decades to investigate the impact of mountains on the atmosphere and surface climate. Here, the impact of removing the continental topography on the present-day ocean climate is investigated using three different climate models spanning multiple generations. An idealized study is performed where all present-day land surface topography is removed and the equilibrium change in the oceanic mean state with and without the mountains is studied. When the mountains are removed, changes found in all three models include a weakening of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and associated SST cooling in the subpolar North Atlantic. The SSTs also warm in all the models in the western North Pacific Ocean associated with a northward shift of the atmospheric jet and the Kuroshio. In the ocean interior, the magnitude of the temperature and salinity response to removing the mountains is relatively small and the sign and magnitude of the changes generally vary among the models. These different interior ocean responses are likely related to differences in the mean state of the control integrations due to differences in resolution and associated subgrid-scale mixing parameterizations. Compared to the results from 4xCO2 simulations, the interior ocean temperature changes caused by mountain removal are relatively small; however, the oceanic circulation response and Northern Hemisphere near-surface temperature changes are of a similar magnitude to the response to such radiative forcing changes.
Note6 month embargo; published online: 02 February 2022
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Science Foundation