Increased juvenile native fish abundance following a major flood in an Arizona river
AffiliationArizona Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Environment and Natural Resources Building 2, University of Arizona
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherTaylor and Francis Ltd.
CitationJenney, C. J., Nemec, Z. C., Lee, L. N., & Bonar, S. A. (2022). Increased juvenile native fish abundance following a major flood in an Arizona river. Journal of Freshwater Ecology.
JournalJournal of Freshwater Ecology
RightsCopyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractSpring floods trigger spawning in many native fishes of the desert Southwest (USA), but less is known about fish community response when native fishes are rare. Here, we document change to native and nonnative fish captures and instream habitat features following a decade-high flooding event (2019) in the Verde River (AZ) where native fish captures were rare in the years pre-flood. Using prepositioned areal electrofishing devices (PAEDs), we sampled the fish community at 90 sampling units pre-flood (2017) and resampled those same units post-flood (2019) to compare and identify changes to catch and habitat features. Relative abundance of native fishes increased from 0.6% pre-flood (0.01 fish/PAED) to 53.0% post-flood (1.66 fish/PAED) and was largely attributable to the presence of juvenile Roundtail Chub Gila robusta (≤ 70 mm total length (TL)) and juvenile Sonora Sucker Catostomus insignis (≤ 100 mm TL). Juvenile Desert Sucker Catostomus clarkii experienced a lesser increase. One adult native fish was captured in 2017 and adult native fishes were absent from 2019 sampling. The catch of adult/subadult Common Carp Cyprinus carpio (> 100 mm TL) declined; however, this could be related to reservoir management and not the flood. The abundance of all size-classes of Black Bass Micropterus spp., Red Shiner Cyprinella lutrensis and other nonnative fishes did not change. The majority (97%) of juvenile native fishes were captured at the uppermost sampling reach. A 54% reduction to canopy cover across all sampling reaches and an increase of fine sediments at the most downstream reach demonstrates how floods can restructure the river environment. This case-study adds evidence that protection of spring floods is vital to the persistence and recolonization of fishes native to the desert Southwest, especially where they are rare. The continued presence of nonnative species may preclude juvenile native fishes from recruiting to adults. © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
NoteOpen access journal
VersionFinal published version
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).