High-resolution Near-infrared Spectroscopy of a Flare around the Ultracool Dwarf vB 10
AffiliationSteward Observatory, The University of Arizona
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PublisherIOP Publishing Ltd
CitationKanodia, S., Ramsey, L. W., Maney, M., Mahadevan, S., Cañas, C. I., Ninan, J. P., Monson, A., Kowalski, A. F., Goumas, M. C., Stefansson, G., Bender, C. F., Cochran, W. D., Diddams, S. A., Fredrick, C., Halverson, S., Hearty, F., Janowiecki, S., Metcalf, A. J., Odewahn, S. C., … Terrien, R. C. (2022). High-resolution Near-infrared Spectroscopy of a Flare around the Ultracool Dwarf vB 10. Astrophysical Journal.
RightsCopyright © 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence.
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AbstractWe present high-resolution observations of a flaring event in the M8 dwarf vB 10 using the near-infrared Habitable-zone Planet Finder (HPF) spectrograph on the Hobby-Eberly Telescope. The high stability of HPF enables us to accurately subtract a vB 10 quiescent spectrum from the flare spectrum to isolate the flare contributions and study the changes in the relative energy of the Ca ii infrared triplet, several Paschen lines, the He λ10830 triplet lines, and to select iron and magnesium lines in HPF's bandpass. Our analysis reveals the presence of a red asymmetry in the He λ10830 triplet, which is similar to signatures of coronal rain in the Sun. Photometry of the flare derived from an acquisition camera before spectroscopic observations and the ability to extract spectra from up-the-ramp observations with the HPF infrared detector enable us to perform time-series analysis of part of the flare and provide coarse constraints on the energy and frequency of such flares. We compare this flare with historical observations of flares around vB 10 and other ultracool M dwarfs and attempt to place limits on flare-induced atmospheric mass loss for hypothetical planets around vB 10. © 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence.