Genome Context Influences Evolutionary Flexibility of Nearly Identical Type III Effectors in Two Phytopathogenic Pseudomonads
AffiliationSchool of Plant Sciences, University of Arizona
School of Animal and Comparative Biomedical Sciences, University of Arizona
Keywordsintegrative conjugative element (ICE)
type III effector
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherFrontiers Media S.A.
CitationBaltrus, D. A., Feng, Q., & Kvitko, B. H. (2022). Genome Context Influences Evolutionary Flexibility of Nearly Identical Type III Effectors in Two Phytopathogenic Pseudomonads. Frontiers in Microbiology.
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
RightsCopyright © 2022 Baltrus, Feng and Kvitko. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractIntegrative Conjugative Elements (ICEs) are replicons that can insert and excise from chromosomal locations in a site-specific manner, can conjugate across strains, and which often carry a variety of genes useful for bacterial growth and survival under specific conditions. Although ICEs have been identified and vetted within certain clades of the agricultural pathogen Pseudomonas syringae, the impact of ICE carriage and transfer across the entire P. syringae species complex remains underexplored. Here we identify and vet an ICE (PmaICE-DQ) from P. syringae pv. maculicola ES4326, a strain commonly used for laboratory virulence experiments, demonstrate that this element can excise and conjugate across strains, and highlight that this element contains loci encoding multiple type III effector proteins. Moreover, genome context suggests that another ICE (PmaICE-AOAB) is highly similar in comparison with and found immediately adjacent to PmaICE-DQ within the chromosome of strain ES4326, and also contains multiple type III effectors. Lastly, we present passage data from in planta experiments that suggests that genomic plasticity associated with ICEs may enable strains to more rapidly lose type III effectors that trigger R-gene mediated resistance in comparison to strains where nearly isogenic effectors are not present in active ICEs. Taken together, our study sheds light on a set of ICE elements from P. syringae pv. maculicola ES4326 and suggests how genomic context may lead to different evolutionary dynamics for shared virulence genes between strains. Copyright © 2022 Baltrus, Feng and Kvitko.
NoteOpen access journal
VersionFinal published version
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2022 Baltrus, Feng and Kvitko. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).