Softer Policing or the Institutionalization of Protest? Decomposing Changes in Observed Protest Policing over Time
AffiliationUniversity of Arizona
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherUniversity of Chicago Press
CitationElliott, T., Earl, J., Maher, T. V., & Reynolds-Stenson, H. (2022). Softer Policing or the Institutionalization of Protest? Decomposing Changes in Observed Protest Policing over Time. American Journal of Sociology.
JournalAmerican Journal of Sociology
Rights© 2022 The University of Chicago. All rights reserved. Published by The University of Chicago Press.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractProtest policing is central to research on social movement repression and of great practical importance. Here, we examine competing explanations for observed changes in the likelihood that police will attend any given protest event and make arrests, use violence, or both in New York State from 1960 to 1995. While many researchers point to changes within law enforcement as the primary cause for “softer policing” over this period, we show, using a modified Kitagawa-Oaxaca-Blinder (KOB) decomposition, that the institutionalization of the protest sector was more responsible for changes over time in observed protest policing. This implies that too much credit has been given in the literature to law enforcement for softening responses to protest and that too little investigation has been undertaken of the softening of protest itself. Furthermore, our expansion of KOB decomposition has broad potential utility for researchers interested in understanding the confluence of social forces driving behavior. © 2022 The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.
Note12 month embargo; published: 31 January 2022
VersionFinal published version