Sexual Minority Stressors and Intimate Partner Violence Among Same-Sex Couples: Commitment as a Resource
AffiliationDepartment of Family Studies and Human Development, University of Arizona
KeywordsCommitment, moderating, and mediating
National legalization of same-sex marriage
Same-sex IPV perpetration
Sexual minority stressors
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
CitationLi, X., Curran, M. A., Butler, E., Mills-Koonce, W. R., & Cao, H. (2022). Sexual Minority Stressors and Intimate Partner Violence Among Same-Sex Couples: Commitment as a Resource. Archives of Sexual Behavior.
JournalArchives of Sexual Behavior
Rights© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2022.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractAccumulating evidence has been found for the associations from sexual minority stressors to intimate partner violence (IPV) among same-sex couples. Yet key gaps still exist, including the rare utilization of couple dyadic data, the understudied moderating and mediating mechanisms, and the few studies conducted during the transitional period of same-sex marriage legalization. To address these gaps, we used cross-sectional, dyadic data collected from 144 US same-sex couples during the 2014–2015 national campaign for the legalization of same-sex marriage. Guided by the systemic transactional model (STM), we examined associations from sexual minority stressors (including both internalized homophobia and discrimination) to same-sex IPV and tested whether commitment moderated or mediated these associations. Overall, we found evidence supporting the STM: (1) High internalized homophobia and discrimination were related to high prevalence and/or frequency of IPV perpetration; (2) high commitment attenuated positive associations between high discrimination and high prevalence and/or frequency of IPV perpetration; and (3) high internalized homophobia was related to low commitment, which in turn was related to high prevalence and/or frequency of IPV perpetration. Collectively, our study identified commitment as both a moderator and mediator in associations from sexual minority stressors to same-sex IPV. Further, the roles of commitment (i.e., moderator or mediator) depend on whether the focal sexual minority stressors are distal and more intermittent (i.e., heterosexist discrimination) or proximal and more constant (i.e., internalized homophobia).
Note12 month embargo; published: 25 April 2022
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
SponsorsNational Institute of Child Health and Human Development