Longitudinal Effects of Parkinson's Disease on Speech Breathing During an Extemporaneous Connected Speech Task
AffiliationDepartment of Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences, University of Arizona
MetadataShow full item record
CitationDarling-White, M., Anspach, Z., & Huber, J. E. (2022). Longitudinal Effects of Parkinson’s Disease on Speech Breathing During an Extemporaneous Connected Speech Task. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research : JSLHR.
RightsCopyright © 2022 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractPURPOSE: A critical component to the development of any type of intervention to improve speech production in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complete understanding of the speech impairments present at each stage of the disease and how these impairments change with disease progression. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to examine the impact of disease on speech production and speech breathing during an extemporaneous speech task in individuals with PD over the course of approximately 3.5 years. METHOD: Eight individuals with PD and eight age- and sex-matched control participants produced an extemporaneous connected speech task on two occasions (Time 1 and Time 2) an average of 3 years 7 months apart. Dependent variables included sound pressure level; utterance length; speech rate; lung volume initiation, termination, and excursion; and percent vital capacity per syllable. RESULTS: From Time 1 to Time 2, individuals with PD demonstrated decreased utterance length and lung volume initiation, termination, and excursion and increased speech rate. Control participants demonstrated decreased utterance length and lung volume termination and increased lung volume excursion and percent vital capacity per syllable from Time 1 to Time 2. CONCLUSIONS: Changes in speech production and speech breathing variables experienced by individuals with PD over the course of several years are related to their disease process and not typical aging. Changes to speech breathing highlight the need to provide intervention focused on increasing efficient respiratory patterning for speech production.
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
- A Descriptive Study of Speech Breathing in Children With Cerebral Palsy During Two Types of Connected Speech Tasks.
- Authors: Kovacs S, Darling-White M
- Issue date: 2022 Dec 12
- Effect of Parkinson's disease on the production of structured and unstructured speaking tasks: respiratory physiologic and linguistic considerations.
- Authors: Huber JE, Darling M
- Issue date: 2011 Feb
- The Impact of Expiratory Muscle Strength Training on Speech Breathing in Individuals With Parkinson's Disease: A Preliminary Study.
- Authors: Darling-White M, Huber JE
- Issue date: 2017 Nov 8
- Respiratory Responses to Two Voice Interventions for Parkinson's Disease.
- Authors: Richardson K, Huber JE, Kiefer B, Kane C, Snyder S
- Issue date: 2022 Oct 17
- Effects of utterance length and vocal loudness on speech breathing in older adults.
- Authors: Huber JE
- Issue date: 2008 Dec 31