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dc.contributor.advisorLai, Vicky T.
dc.contributor.authorPfeifer, Valeria Agnes
dc.creatorPfeifer, Valeria Agnes
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-19T18:59:55Z
dc.date.available2022-05-19T18:59:55Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.citationPfeifer, Valeria Agnes. (2022). Reducing Negative Emotion with Verbal Irony: Insights from Behavior and Event-Related Potentials (Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA).
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/664298
dc.description.abstractVerbal irony is when the literal meaning of a statement contrasts with the intended meaning. For example, when we arrive at a party, see a table loaded with desserts and exclaim: “I see I am the only one who brought dessert!’ while putting our pie-dish down. Verbal irony shares a special relationship with negative emotions, as it is often used to express them, or used in the context of negative events. However, it is unclear what irony does to negativity and which mechanism irony uses to impact emotion. In this thesis, I investigate if and how irony impacts negative emotion in speakers and listeners. In Chapter 1, I provide a brief introduction into the topic, followed by Chapters 2, 3, and 4, which each report experimental work with ratings and electrophysiology. In specific, Chapter 2 shows that speakers using irony, regardless of the amount of context negativity, are rated to be in a less negative and less aroused mental state compared to the same speaker using literal language. In Chapter 3, I show that listening to a statement produced by someone else leads to a more negative and more aroused mental state compared to producing the same utterance addressed to oneself. Lastly, in Chapter 4, I contrast irony and cognitive reappraisal, showing that irony can be an effective tool to reduce negativity, but cognitive reappraisal is not the only mechanism which allows irony to reduce negativity. Chapter 5 outlines broad conclusions for future research from the work described in this thesis.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction, presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectemotion
dc.subjectERP
dc.subjectverbal irony
dc.titleReducing Negative Emotion with Verbal Irony: Insights from Behavior and Event-Related Potentials
dc.typetext
dc.typeElectronic Dissertation
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizona
thesis.degree.leveldoctoral
dc.contributor.committeememberAndrews-Hanna, Jessica
dc.contributor.committeememberMehl, Matthias
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate College
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychology
thesis.degree.namePh.D.
refterms.dateFOA2022-05-19T18:59:56Z


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