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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThis Master’s Report focuses on how price-to-income ratio and race by location affordability affects housing in Washington State. Three types of analyses were used throughout this project. First, a price-to-income ratio using an affordability index was created to show areas of affordable to non-affordable housing. Price-to-income ratio calculates median home value divided by median household income resulting in an affordability ratio. The State of Washington has an affordability ratio of 5.6 and the ten highest ratios were in the following counties: San Juan, Whatcom, Chelan, Jefferson, Whitman, Skamania, King, Skagit, Kittitas, and Douglas. From county to block group level, King County tends to have the highest and most frequent affordability ratio in Washington. Cities and suburban areas tend to have a higher price-to-income ratio compared to the small-town rural areas. Second, race was added to a second affordability index. Race was compared to median home value through dot density and bivariate symbology to visually show race by location affordability. Third, race was compared to median home value and median household income through ordinary least squares linear regression to determine if there is a relationship which was shown. In terms of race by location affordability, majority of Washington State’s White population can afford a house compared to Hispanic/Latino, Black, Asian, American Indian or Alaskan Native, Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and other races able to afford housing. The goal of this project is to bring further insight on where to focus efforts in providing equitable housing opportunities for racial disparities.