AffiliationWyant College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
CitationBetz, J., Manley, J., Wright, E. M., Grin, D., & Singh, S. (2022). Searching for Chameleon Dark Energy with Mechanical Systems. Physical Review Letters, 129(13).
JournalPhysical Review Letters
RightsCopyright © 2022 American Physical Society.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractA light scalar field framework of dark energy, sometimes referred to as quintessence, introduces a fifth force between normal matter objects. Screening mechanisms, such as the chameleon model, allow the scalar field to be almost massless on cosmological scales while simultaneously evading laboratory constraints. We explore the ability of existing mechanical systems to directly detect the fifth force associated with chameleons in an astrophysically viable regime where it could be dark energy. We provide analytical expressions for the weakest accessible chameleon model parameters in terms of experimentally tunable variables and apply our analysis to two mechanical systems: levitated microspheres and torsion balances, showing that the current generation of these experiments have the sensitivity to rule out a significant portion of the proposed chameleon parameter space. We also indicate regions of theoretically well-motivated chameleon parameter space to guide future experimental work. © 2022 American Physical Society.
VersionFinal published version