Loomisite, Ba[Be2P2O8]•H2O, the first natural example with the zeolite ABW-type framework, from Keystone, Pennington County, South Dakota, USA
AffiliationDepartment of Geosciences, University of Arizona
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PublisherCambridge University Press
CitationYang, H., Gu, X., Gibbs, R. B., & Downs, R. T. (2022). Loomisite, Ba[Be2P2O8]•H2O, the first natural example with the zeolite ABW-type framework, from Keystone, Pennington County, South Dakota, USA. Mineralogical Magazine.
RightsCopyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland.
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AbstractA new beryllophosphate mineral species, loomisite (IMA 2022-003), ideally Ba[Be2P2O8]•H2O, was found from the Big Chief mine near Keystone, Pennington County, South Dakota, USA. It occurs as divergent sprays of very thin bladed crystals with a tapered termination. Individual crystals are found up to 0.80 x 0.06 x 0.03 mm. Associated minerals include dondoellite, earlshannonite, mitridatite, rockbridgeite, jahnsite-(CaMnFe), and quartz. No twinning or parting is observed macroscopically. Loomisite is murky white in transmitted light, transparent with white streak and silky to vitreous luster. It is brittle and has a Mohs hardness of 3½-4, with perfect cleavage on (100) and (-110). The measured and calculated densities are 3.46(5) and 3.512 g/cm3, respectively. Optically, loomisite is biaxial (+), with α = 1.579(5), β = 1.591(5), γ = 1.606(5) (white light), 2V (meas.) = 82(2)º, 2V (calc.) = 85º. It is non-pleochroic under polarized light, with a very weak (r > v) dispersion. The mineral is insoluble in water or hydrochloric acid. An electron microprobe analysis, along with the BeO content measured with an ICP-MS, yields an empirical formula (based on 9 O apfu) (Ba0.96Ca0.06)Ʃ1.02[(Be1.96Fe0.06)Ʃ2.02P1.99O8]•H2O, which can be simplified to (Ba,Ca)[(Be,Fe)2P2O8]•H2O. Loomisite is monoclinic, with space group Pn and unit-cell parameters a = 7.6292(18), b = 9.429(2), c = 4.7621(11) Å, β = 91.272(5)◦, V= 342.47(14) Å3, and Z = 2. Its crystal structure is characterized by a framework of corner-sharing PO4 and BeO4 tetrahedra. The framework can be considered as built from the stacking of sheets consisting of 4- and 8-membered rings (4.82 nets) along  or hexagonal layers (63 nets) along . The extra-framework Ba2+ and H2O are situated in the channels formed by the 8-membered rings. Topologically, loomisite represents the first natural example with the zeolite ABW-type framework, which is adopted by over 100 synthetic compounds with different chemical compositions. © 2022 Cambridge University Press. All rights reserved.
Note12 month embargo; published online: 20 October 2022
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