Sins of Commission and Omission: The Implications of an Active–Passive Categorization of Counterproductive Work Behavior
AffiliationDepartment of Management and Organizations, University of Arizona
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
CitationEvans, J. B., Slaughter, J. E., & Ganster, M. L. (2022). Sins of Commission and Omission: The Implications of an Active–Passive Categorization of Counterproductive Work Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics.
JournalJournal of Business Ethics
Rights© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V. 2022.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractThis paper introduces an active–passive framework to the conceptualization and measurement of counterproductive work behavior (CWB), in order to establish a dimension that categorizes the content of behaviors within the existing interpersonally directed (CWBI) and organizationally directed (CWBO) framework. Doing so provides new insights into the relationship between workplace counterproductivity and sleep. Stressor-emotion models of CWB predict that employees engage in counterproductivity in response to workplace stressors, but extant research suggests that counterproductive behavior increases strain, including reduced sleep quality. We develop a new scale for measuring CWB that differentiates active and passive behaviors and demonstrates the potential for positive intrapsychic consequences for passive CWBI. In Study 1, using five samples, we demonstrate the convergent and discriminant validity, reliability, and acceptable psychometric properties of a 19-item scale that reconceptualizes CWB into four dimensions: active CWBI, passive CWBI, active CWBO, and passive CWBO. In Study 2, using experience-sampling methodology, we found that when employees engage in active CWBO at work in the afternoon they experience reduced sleep quality that evening, whereas engaging in passive CWBI was related to increased sleep quality.
Note12 month embargo; published: 09 November 2022
VersionFinal accepted manuscript