The Giant Magellan Telescope mount: the core of a next generation 25.4-m aperture ELT
AffiliationSteward Observatory, University of Arizona
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CitationBurgett, W., Park, S., Beifus, K., Echols, C., Lam, K.-M., Loewen, N., Smith, B., Ashby, D., & Bernstein, R. (2022). The Giant Magellan Telescope mount: The core of a next generation 25.4-m aperture ELT. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 12182.
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AbstractThe Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) is one of three planned ground-based optical/IR Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs) that will provide a generational leap in ground-based Optical/IR capability. The GMTO Corp. completed in 2019 a multi-stage acquisition process that led to the selection of OHB Digital Connect (formerly MT-Mechatronics or MTM) and Ingersoll Machine Tools (IMT) to supply the final design, fabrication, and installation of the GMT Mount. The ∼2000 metric ton GMT Mount comprises the telescope structures, mechanisms, and utilities but does not include the optics and science instruments. This paper provides a general overview of the technical scope of the GMT Mount including the key and driving requirements, systems engineering framework, and planned design development. Due to the GMT site location in Chile, the Mount design must accommodate a challenging seismic environment. Major Mount subsystems are also described including the Hydrostatic Bearing System (HBS), Gregorian Instrument Rotator (GIR), and the Azimuth Track and its interface to the telescope Pier. In addition, a summary is presented of the design path forward to the Final Design Review (FDR) from the point of completing the Preliminary Design Review (PDR) in early 2021, including the current status of critical prototyping efforts. Finally, management processes are outlined that are necessary to execute the Mount design-build contract spanning the next 8-9 years. © 2022 SPIE.
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