Physiological and life history changes associated with seasonal adaptation in the cactophilic Drosophila mojavensis
AffiliationDepartment of Entomology, University of Arizona
BIO5 Institute, University of Arizona
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona
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PublisherCompany of Biologists
CitationShaible, T. M., & Matzkin, L. M. (2022). Physiological and life history changes associated with seasonal adaptation in the cactophilic Drosophila mojavensis. Biology Open, 11(10).
RightsCopyright © 2022. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0).
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AbstractMany insects inhabiting temperate climates are faced with changing environmental conditions throughout the year. Depending on the species, these environmental fluctuations can be experienced within a single generation or across multiple generations. Strategies for dealing with these seasonal changes vary across populations. Drosophila mojavensis is a cactophilic Drosophila species endemic to the Sonoran Desert. The Sonoran Desert regularly reaches temperatures of 50°C in the summer months. As individuals of this population are rare to collect in the summer months, we simulated the cycling temperatures experienced by D. mojavensis in the Sonoran Desert from April to July (four generations) in a temperature- and light-controlled chamber, to understand the physiological and life history changes that allow this population to withstand these conditions. In contrast to our hypothesis of a summer aestivation, we found that D. mojavensis continue to reproduce during the summer months, albeit with lower viability, but the adult survivorship of the population is highly reduced during this period. As expected, stress resistance increased during the summer months in both the adult and the larval stages. This study examines several strategies for withstanding the Sonoran Desert summer conditions which may be informative in the study of other desert endemic species. © 2022. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2022. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0).