A Radio-selected Population of Dark, Long Gamma-Ray Bursts: Comparison to the Long Gamma-Ray Burst Population and Implications for Host Dust Distributions
AffiliationSteward Observatory, University of Arizona
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherInstitute of Physics
CitationSchroeder, G., Laskar, T., Fong, W.-F., Nugent, A. E., Berger, E., Chornock, R., Alexander, K. D., Andrews, J., Bussmann, R. S., Castro-Tirado, A. J., Goyal, A. V., Kilpatrick, C. D., Lally, M., Miller, A. A., Milne, P., Paterson, K., Escorial, A. R., Stroh, M. C., Terreran, G., & Zauderer, B. A. (2022). A Radio-selected Population of Dark, Long Gamma-Ray Bursts: Comparison to the Long Gamma-Ray Burst Population and Implications for Host Dust Distributions. Astrophysical Journal, 940(1).
RightsCopyright © 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence.
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AbstractWe present centimeter-band and millimeter-band afterglow observations of five long-duration γ-ray bursts (GRBs; GRB 130131A, 130420B, 130609A, 131229A, 140713A) with dust-obscured optical afterglow emission, known as “dark” GRBs. We detect the radio afterglow of two of the dark GRBs (GRB 130131A and 140713A), along with a tentative detection of a third (GRB 131229A) with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA). Supplemented by three additional VLA-detected dark GRBs from the literature, we present uniform modeling of their broadband afterglows. We derive high line-of-sight dust extinctions of A V,GRB ≈ 2.2- ≳ 10.6 mag. Additionally, we model the host galaxies of the six bursts in our sample, and derive host galaxy dust extinctions of A V,Host ≈ 0.3-4.7 mag. Across all tested γ-ray (fluence and duration) and afterglow properties (energy scales, geometries, and circumburst densities), we find dark GRBs to be representative of more typical unobscured long GRBs, except in fluence, for which observational biases and inconsistent classification may influence the dark GRB distribution. Additionally, we find that A V,GRB is not related to a uniform distribution of dust throughout the host, nor to the extremely local environment of the burst, indicating that a larger-scale patchy dust distribution is the cause of the high line-of-sight extinction. Since radio observations are invaluable to revealing heavily dust-obscured GRBs, we make predictions for the detection of radio emission from host star formation with the next-generation VLA. © 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence.