EFFECTS OF LATE PRETERM BIRTH ON COMMUNICATION AND FEEDING IN INFANTS AND TODDLERS BIRTH TO 24 MONTHS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractEvery year in the United States, approximately 267,000 infants are born late preterm, meaning between 34 0/7 weeks to 36 6/7 weeks gestation (March of Dimes Peristats). Not much is readily known on developmental outcomes of this cohort of infants, and not all US based graduate programs in Communication Sciences and Disorders (CSD) may be preparing future Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs) to practice in this area of the field (Farrugia, 2022). The objective of this systematic review is to assess available developmental information on late preterm infants from birth to 24 months of age, with a focus on communication and feeding development. A literature search was conducted through the University of Arizona library registry and the MEDLINE (EBSCO Host) database. Included articles assessed the impact of late preterm birth on development of communication and feeding skills from birth to 24 months. Results Six articles are reported in this review with varied results on communication and feeding outcomes. Late preterm birth is associated with increased risk for communication delays and feeding difficulties, but confounding variables and other factors impact these associations. Findings from this review suggest that there is still much to be investigated in the population of infants born preterm. SLPs must be gathering this information and staying abreast of factors that impact development.
Degree ProgramSpeech, Language and Hearing Sciences