AffiliationUniversity of Arizona
MetadataShow full item record
CitationTang, X. (2023). A Latent Hidden Markov Model for Process Data. Psychometrika, 1-36.
Rights© 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to The Psychometric Society.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractResponse process data from computer-based problem-solving items describe respondents’ problem-solving processes as sequences of actions. Such data provide a valuable source for understanding respondents’ problem-solving behaviors. Recently, data-driven feature extraction methods have been developed to compress the information in unstructured process data into relatively low-dimensional features. Although the extracted features can be used as covariates in regression or other models to understand respondents’ response behaviors, the results are often not easy to interpret since the relationship between the extracted features, and the original response process is often not explicitly defined. In this paper, we propose a statistical model for describing response processes and how they vary across respondents. The proposed model assumes a response process follows a hidden Markov model given the respondent’s latent traits. The structure of hidden Markov models resembles problem-solving processes, with the hidden states interpreted as problem-solving subtasks or stages. Incorporating the latent traits in hidden Markov models enables us to characterize the heterogeneity of response processes across respondents in a parsimonious and interpretable way. We demonstrate the performance of the proposed model through simulation experiments and case studies of PISA process data.
Note12 month embargo; first published: 07 November 2023
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
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