AffiliationSteward Observatory, University of Arizona
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationSellwood, J. A., & Carlberg, R. G. (2022). Spiral instabilities: mode saturation and decay. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 517(2), 2610-2621.
Rights© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society.
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AbstractThis paper continues a series reporting different aspects of the behaviour of disc galaxy simulations that support spiral instabilities. The focus in this paper is to demonstrate how linear spiral instabilities saturate and decay, and how the properties of the disc affect the limiting amplitude of the spirals. Once again, we employ idealized models that each possess a single instability that we follow until it has run its course. Remarkably, we find a tight correlation between the growth rate of the mode and its limiting amplitude, albeit from only six simulations. We show that non-linear orbit deflections near corotation cause the mode to saturate, and that the more time available in a slowly growing mode creates the critical deflections at lower amplitude. We also find that scattering at the inner Lindblad resonance is insignificant until after the mode has saturated. Our objective in this series of papers, which we believe we have now achieved, has been to develop a convincing and well-documented account of the physical behaviour of the spiral patterns that have been observed in simulations by others, and by ourselves, for many decades. Understanding the simulations is an important step towards the greater objective, which is to find observational evidence from galaxies that could confront the identified mechanism. © 2022 The Author(s)
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