Now showing items 41-60 of 75896

    • Dialectal, Gender-Based, and Cross-Generational Variation in Negev Arabic Spatial Representations

      Cerqueglini, Letizia; Tel Aviv University (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 2020)
      Space is a fundamental domain of human thinking, universally experienced, yet culturally specific. I describe variations in linguistic and cognitive projective spatial representations (frames of reference) across dialects, genders, and age groups among the Bedouin Arabs of the Negev. Their tribes preserve a unique, culture-specific system of spatial representations.
    • Low-proficiency L2 Collaborative writing to enhance individual writing and grammatical accuracy

      Consolini, Carla H.; Soto-Lucena, Irene; University of Oregon; University of Pittsburgh (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 2020)
      [abstract pending]
    • A-Movement: Successive Cyclic or One Fell Swoop?

      Mizuguchi, Manabu; Toyo University (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 2020)
      This paper discusses A-movement, focusing on its successive cyclicity, and argues that it can be both successive cyclic and non-successive cyclic. I claim that whether A-movement is successive cyclic or not depends on how Merge applies, proposing that the structure-building operation plays a key role in determining the successive cyclicity.
    • Immediate-local MERGE as pair-Merge

      Omune, Jun; Kansai Gaidai University (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 2020)
      One of the structure-building operations—pair-Merge/adjunction—is conceptually implied to be dispensable in the minimalist MERGE model. This article proposes that immediate-local MERGE (IL-MERGE)—extremely local application of internal MERGE—yields the asymmetric property of adjunction. IL-MERGE forms {a, {a, b}} that is equivalent of <a, b> built by pair-Merge.
    • Unifying Labeling under Minimal Search in "Single-" and "Multiple-Specifier" Configurations

      Epstein, Samuel D.; Kitahara, Hisatsugu; Seely, T. Daniel; The University of Michigan; Keio University; Eastern Michigan University (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 2020)
      Building on recent proposals of Chomsky (2013, 2015), we explore a definition of minimal search that allows an elegant (since simple) analysis of multiple nominative subjects in Japanese, and the absence of such subjects in English. We propose an analysis yielding these results unifying labeling under minimal search in single- and multiple-specifier configurations.
    • Coyote Papers 22: Proceedings of ALC 13

      Nitschke, Remo; Romero Diaz, Damian Y; Powell, John; De la Cruz Sánchez, Gabriela; Nitschke, Remo; Romero Diaz, Damian Y; Powell, John; De la Cruz Sánchez, Gabriela (University of Arizona Linguistics Circle, 2020)
      Coyote Papers Volume 22 served as the proceedings for the Arizona Linguistics Circle 13. This is the full volume.
    • Searching for Planets Orbiting α Cen A with the James Webb Space Telescope

      Beichman, Charles; Ygouf, Marie; Sayson, Jorge Llop; Mawet, Dimitri; Yung, Yuk; Choquet, Elodie; Kervella, Pierre; Boccaletti, Anthony; Belikov, Ruslan; Lissauer, Jack J.; et al. (IOP PUBLISHING LTD, 2020-01)
      a Centauri A is the closest solar-type star to the Sun and offers an excellent opportunity to detect the thermal emission of a mature planet heated by its host star. The MIRI coronagraph on the James Webb Space Telescope can search the 1-3 au (1"-2") region around a Cen A which is predicted to be stable within the a Cen AB system. We demonstrate that with reasonable performance of the telescope and instrument, a 20 hr program combining on-target and reference star observations at 15.5 pm could detect thermal emission from planets as small as 5 R. Multiple visits every 3-6 months would increase the geometrical completeness, provide astrometric confirmation of detected sources, and push the radius limit down to 3 R. An exozodiacal cloud only a few times brighter than our own should also be detectable, although a sufficiently bright cloud might obscure any planet present in the system. While current precision radial velocity (PRV) observations set a limit of 50-100 Mjs, at 1-3 au for planets orbiting a Cen A, there is a broad range of exoplanet radii up to 10 Rjs, consistent with these mass limits. A carefully planned observing sequence along with state-of-the-art postprocessing analysis could reject the light from a Cen A at the level of 10-5 at 1"-2" and minimize the influence of a Cen B located 7"-8" away in the 2022-2023 timeframe. These space-based observations would complement on-going imaging experiments at shorter wavelengths as well as PRV and astrometric experiments to detect planets dynamically. Planetary demographics suggest that the likelihood of directly imaging a planet whose mass and orbit are consistent with present PRV limits is small, 5%, and possibly lower if the presence of a binary companion further reduces occurrence rates. However, at a distance of just 1.34 pc, a Cen A is our closest sibling star and certainly merits close scrutiny.
    • Identifying Barriers to Adherence Amongst Patients Speaking Different Languages

      Forbes, Stephanie; Orsini, Roxanna; Trinh, Henry; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      Specific Aims: To compare the factors associated with patient non-adherence to medications in relationship to preferred language. Subjects: United States residents enrolled in Medicare Part D and MTM eligible January 2018 through December 2018. Methods: The sample population was divided into preferred language of either English or non-English. Targeted medication review (TMR) from January 2018 to December 2018 was provided by SinfoníaRx. Reasons given for non-adherence between English and non-English were grouped into one of the five following categories: adverse drug reaction, cost, forgetfulness, misunderstood instructions/self-adjusted, and refill issues. English and non-English groups were compared by counting the number of patients citing each reason and calculating percentages. The composite of the five reported patient barriers (adverse drug reaction, cost, forgetfulness, misunderstood instructions/self-adjusted, and refill issues) was compared between the two language groups using a Chi square test with an alpha priori level of 0.05. Main Results: A total of 201 patients were included in this study (100 English and 101 non-English). The majority of patients resided between 60-69 years of age for English patients and was evenly distributed for age ranges between 60-69 and 70-79 for non-English patients. The composite of all five reported patient barriers compared between English and non-English is statistically significant (p=0.0043). Conclusions: Factors associated with patient non-adherence to medications appear to be dependent on preferred language.
    • Analysis of Medical Tourism at the Andrade Port of Entry

      Warholak, Terri; Miller, Andrea; Woods, Nicole; Smith, Rebecca; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      Specific Aims: To identify which medications and/or medical services are being sought most frequently, the reason for these specific instances of medical tourism, perceived efficacy or satisfaction of these medications and services, and the likelihood of people continuing to receive their healthcare in Mexico. Methods: Utilizing a cross-sectional survey design, 427 participants were recruited to participate in an anonymous electronic 12 question survey at or near the US-Mexico border at the Andrade port of entry. Main Results: Most participants had a high-school diploma or four-year university degree, and the most common income bracket reported was between $25,000-$50,000 annually. Respondents reported traveling from four different countries, and of those from the US, 29 different home states were reported. The average age of participants was 64.5, with a range between 19 and 93. Dental was the most common medical service, and antibiotics were the most common class of medications reported on the survey. The majority of participants stated comparable or better efficacy of Mexican products, and expressed intent to continue to participate in medical tourism. Conclusions: Based on the survey, patients feel as though these medications are just as good as what they would get in the states and will continue to buy them until research proves otherwise. Further research should be done to determine if these medications purchased in Mexico are indeed what they claim to be.
    • Impact of Depression on Health-Related Quality of Life Among Older Adults with Myocardial Infarction in the United States

      Bhattacharjee, Sandipan; Vadiei, Nina; Howard, Brooke; Lundgren, Terra; Morse, Shawn; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      Specific Aims: We assessed the effect of depression on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among myocardial infarction (MI) survivors in the United States (US). Methods: Using the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data, our study sample consisted of survey participants who were MI survivors aged 50 years and older who also reported having depression post-MI. Our dependent variable (HRQoL) comprised of number of days physical and mental health was poor during the past 30 days; activity limitations; received recommended sleep; how often emotional support received; life satisfaction and perceived general health. We conducted multivariable binomial and multinomial logistic regression analyses examining the association of presence/absence of depression on HRQoL after adjusting for demographic, socioeconomic and other health variables (a-priori α=0.05). Main Results: Our study sample consisted of 20,483 adults with MI; 5,343 (26.19%) reported having depression. Survivors with depression were more likely to report fair/poor general health, limitations in activity, dissatisfaction with life, and a greater number of poor mental and physical health days compared to those without depression. For example: MI survivors with depression reported 2.7 times more (Adjusted Odds Ratio: 2.65: 95% Confidence Interval 2.06-3.45; p<0.0001) fair/poor perceived general health than MI survivors without depression. There was no difference in level of emotional support or sleep quality. Conclusions: In this nationally representative sample of adults in the US, MI survivors with depression had poorer HRQoL compared to MI survivors without depression. These findings underline the need for developing appropriate supportive care for MI survivors with depression.
    • Assessment of Pharmacists’ and Pharmacy Students’ Confidence and Knowledge of Common Asthma Inhaler Devices

      Phan, Hanna; Spencer, Jenene; Hall-Lipsy, Elizabeth; Luu, Michael; Nguyen, Vy Thuy; Lee, Yvonne; Chandler, Krystal; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      Specific Aims: To compare pharmacists’ and pharmacy students’ confidence and knowledge level with educating/counseling adolescents/adults, caregivers, and children on appropriate technique and use of common inhaler devices. To identify possible factors that may influence pharmacists’ and pharmacy students’ knowledge and confidence level with educating/counseling patients/caregivers on appropriate technique and use of common inhaler devices. Methods: A survey study using a questionnaire tool consisting of confidence level and knowledge-based questions was distributed to first through fourth year pharmacy students as well as pharmacists registered through the Arizona Pharmacy Association. Main Results: Pharmacists were more confident and knowledgeable with their ability to educate on appropriate inhaler device technique compared to pharmacy students. Both the pharmacist group and pharmacy student group reported health fairs and coursework highest as contributing factors to their knowledge. In general, pharmacists and students were more comfortable with their knowledge of inhaler devices that are more commonly prescribed. Conclusion: Confidence and knowledge level with their ability to educate on appropriate inhaler device technique in all devices and demographics of patients were higher in the pharmacist group than the pharmacy student group.
    • Meta-Analysis of Safety Effectiveness Profile and Overall Response Rate of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Treatments

      Abraham, Ivo; Kojs, Pawel; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      Specific Aims: The aim of this project was to determine the overall efficacy of metastatic renal cell carcinoma pharmacotherapeutic agents as well as determine which chemotherapeutic treatment had the lowest side effect profile. Methods: Overall, a MESH database search was done in PubMed that pulled relative clinical trials that examined chemotherapeutic medications for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. From there the papers were analyzed based on particular demographics such as: Drug Treatment, Drug Comparator, Overall Survival, Progression Free Survival, and Overall Response Rate. This was done through a fixed effects analysis comparing the odds ratios for the different mediations. A network diagram was also developed to show the relationship of the studies. Data was then further analyzed for overall side effect profiles which looked at the total number of adverse events in a study. Main Results: The main result is that Nivolumab + Ipilimumab has the lowest Odds Ratio OR = 0.08 ( 0.03 – 0.21, 95% CI) when compared to Lenvatinib. This is in terms of overall response. With regards to the side effect profiles of the medications, Nivolumab vs Everolimus produced the lowest side effect profile with roughly 27%. Conclusions Nivolumab appears to be the medication that has the greatest overall response rate and least adverse side effect profile. This also depends if the medication is combined with Ipilimumab for greater overall treatment response.
    • Science Implementation Plan Glossary

      OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Sample Return Mission (2018)
    • Science Implementation Plan Acronyms

      OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Sample Return Mission (2014)
    • Science Team Organization and Roster

      OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Sample Return Mission (2020)
    • Algorithm Descriptions- Thermal Analysis

      OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Sample Return Mission (2014)
    • Algorithm Descriptions- Spectral Analysis

      OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Sample Return Mission (2016)
    • Algorithm Descriptions- Spacecraft (Safety Map)

      OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Sample Return Mission (2014)
    • Algorithm Descriptions- Sample Site Science

      OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Sample Return Mission (2013)
    • Algorithm Descriptions- Regolith Development

      OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Sample Return Mission (2014)